Yellow Rail  ( RÔle jaune )      This species is of special interest to Timiskaming birders.    All sightings should be documented and reported.

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Coturnicops noveboracensis

 (No high quality local photo available yet for this species.) 

General Notes

The Yellow Rail is thought to be extremely rare in Ontario.  It's secretive nature makes it one of the least observed birds in North America.  It is designated as a "Species of Special Concern" by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Prior to 2000, only four nests had been found for this species in all of Ontario.

One of the reasons this bird is so rarely observed is that it most active at night.  When disturbed, it runs under cover of marsh vegetation without making a sound.  Only in the spring does it reveal its presence to those who know what to listen for by giving its repetitive ticking calls in the late evening.  It prefers sedge marshes and wet sedge meadows.

This species has been confirmed as a breeder at Hilliardton Marsh.

Abundance: Rare Earliest observed date:  

Typical arrival date:

June 1
Breeding Status: Breeding Latest observed date:  

Typical departure date:

August 25

Documented Observations



June of 1998. One heard calling on three occasions at Hilliardton Marsh by David Lockey, as documented in his 1999 MSc thesis paper.

One documented in Hilliard Township in 1999 about three kilometers south of the town of Hilliardton. Details on file with the Natural Heritage Information Centre (NHIC) in Peterborough.


Banding Results






1998   1   1