Source Information Credits

Information for the "General Notes" section of the individual species pages has been derived from a wide variety of published sources, as well as from local knowledge about these birds in the Timiskaming area.  Rather than clutter the species notes pages with credits and references, all of the primary sources of information have been compiled here.  These references are not listed in alphabetical order, but rather by the frequency with which a source has been used, starting with the most frequent.

Cadman, Michael D., Paul F.J Eagles, & Fred M. Helleiner. 1987. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario.  Waterloo, Ontario: University of Waterloo Press.
Mackenzie, John. 1976. The Complete Outdoorsman's Guide to Birds of Eastern North America. Toronto, Ontario: Pagurian Press Limited.
Bezener, Andy. 2000. Birds of Ontario. Edmonton, Alberta: Lone Pine Publishing
Sandilands, Al. 2005. Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status, Volume 1- Nonpasserines: Waterfowl through Cranes. Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press.

 Butcher, Gregory S. and Daniel K. Niven. 2007. Combining Data from the Christmas Bird Count and the Breeding Bird Survey to Determine the Continental Status and Trends of North America Birds. National Audubon Society, Audubon Science Office.

Royal Ontario Museum, Ontario Species at Risk (SARO) web page: (and its sub-pages).
Benyus, Janine M. 1989.  Northwoods Wildlife: A Watcher's Guide to Habitats. Toronto, Ontario: Key Porter Books
Morris, Arthur. 1996. Shorebirds: Beautiful Becahcombers. Minocqua, Wisconsin: NorthWord Press.


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